Negotiators at the COP27 climate summit in Egypt have agreed to discuss setting up a fund that could see higher-income nations pay reparations to vulnerable nations已经为气候变化的影响而苦苦挣扎。“损失和损害”，指的是气候变化的负面影响和最小化和解决这些问题的努力，在联合国气候谈判历史上首次被包括在正式会议议程中。
The talks opened with a stark message from UN secretary-general António Guterres, who警告世界领导人和贵宾这个世界正处于“气候地狱的高速公路上”，其“脚踩在加速器上”。
Speaking to delegates on 7 November,在联合国警告当前的气候计划不提供“可靠途径”的几天后，将全球变暖限制为1.5°C。, Guterres said the planet is “fast approaching tipping points that will make climate chaos irreversible”.
这是一次醒目的开端，一次会议已经有30,000多名谈判者，记者和竞选者前往Sharm El Sheikh度假村进行了两周的会谈。
资金已经成为关键战场。巴基斯坦总理谢赫巴兹·谢里夫（Shehbaz Sharif）表示，为受影响的国家提供资金是“气候正义”的问题。由于他的国家，由于今年早些时候破坏洪水, he said at a press conference on 7 November. “Our journey to recovery will be held back by increasing public debt, rising global energy prices and no real access to adaptation finance,” he said.
Barbados’s prime minister, Mia Mottley, said it wasn’t just up to governments to provide loss and damage funding, arguing that oil and gas companies should also contribute. “How do companies make $200 billion in profits in the last three months and not expect to contribute at least 10 cents in each dollar of profit to a loss and damage fund?” she said during a speech to world leaders.
在气候金融的喧嚣中，其他人渴望防止在去年在英国格拉斯哥举行的COP26峰会上做出的其他关键承诺，从而滑下议程。在A纽约时报event at the summit on 7 November, former UK prime minister Boris Johnson said he was “very concerned” that pledges made in Glasgow – such as to roll out net-zero targets, cut methane emissions and halt deforestation – might not become reality. “The potential achievement [of COP26] was massive, but it is all now about delivery,” he said.
Meanwhile, Rishi Sunak, the current UK prime minister, used his first appearance on the international stage to help launch a funding programme on 7 November to protect forests around the world. The Forests and Climate Leaders’ Partnership aims to ensure thatCOP26承诺到2030年停止和扭转全球森林损失交付。
Former US vice president Al Gore captured the palpable sense of frustration surrounding the summit over the gap between ambitious promises and real-world action. “We have a credibility problem – all of us – we are not doing enough,” he told world leaders on 7 November.
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